If Moscow’s intention was to hustle Erdogan, it hasn’t worked. Erdogan is hanging tough. It remains to be seen whether Erdogan would give up his military campaign to capture Sirte and the al-Jufra airbase when Haftar’s forces are demoralized and his mentors are still groping for a way forward.
Although Obama’s America is most often blamed for igniting Libya’s chaos France, the UK and Italy’s militaries played no less of a role.
In reality, the position that the EU has taken, is to very much side with Haftar and with his LNA army which is attempting to overthrow the weak and somewhat illegitimate regime holding out in Tripoli.
After almost a decade of intervention, Erdogan finds his army bogged down on the losing side of a civil war, growing discontent at home over the refugees and the economy, and looking outmaneuvered by Moscow and Damascus.