Russian Uragan 1M multiple launch rocket system (MLRS) has entered service in 2017. State tests have been successfully completed. In February, more than 200 cadets of the Mikhailovskaya Military Artillery Academy carried out firing with Uragan-1M in the Leningrad region. The personnel enhanced their skills in firing standard projectiles of the multiple launch rocket systems against full-scale targets, which imitated combat hardware and fortifications of the simulated enemy. The cadets practiced taking fire positions individually and in groups, conducting artillery reconnaissance and correcting fire. More than 50 combat, special purpose and auxiliary units were involved in the field training.
The new MLRS is the latest in the family of self-propelled Uragan multiple rocket launchers. The Uragan has a reputation for high reliability, simplicity and speed of operation and maintenance and a short salvo time.
Developed by JSC NPO Splav, a branch of Rostec Corporation, the system is designed for striking troops, armor, artillery units, air defense systems, helicopters on heli-pads, destroying fortifications, communications and other infrastructure.
Unlike its predecessors, the Uragan-1M is capable of firing 220mm and 300m rockets, depending on which rocket container is mounted on the MZKT-7930 heavy high-mobility 8×8 chassis. The unit can be oriented to a target in vertical (5-55 degrees) and horizontal (up to 240 degrees) planes. A directional “П”-shaped screw groove gives initial rotation to a shell for steady flight on a trajectory.
The vehicle has two gasoline engines that power its 20 tons to a maximum speed of 65 kilometers per hour. One engine drives the four wheels on the left of the truck, while the other drives the four wheels on the right. It can traverse fords up to 1.2 meters deep. The fuel supply suffices for a route of 500 kilometers (311mi).
The cab of the vehicle is NBC protected, allowing the rockets to be fired without exposing the crew to possible contaminants. The crew can emplace or displace the system in three minutes.
The vehicle is fitted with a central tire inflation system. It has a climatic operational range from -40°C to +50°C.16 launch tubes are mounted on the rear of the chassis. The system’s weight is 20tons (44,092 lbs.). It has a crew of six.
The MLRS can use HE-FRAG; explosive or scatterable mine submunitions equipped rockets, all of which are detonated by electric timing fuses. Each rocket weighs 280.4 kilograms. The warheads weigh between 90 and 100 kilograms, depending on type.
Rockets can be launched by a volley (at an interval of 0.5 seconds) and at “broken” tempo (the first eight at 0.5 seconds interval and the remainder at 2 seconds interval). The frequency of shaking of the combat vehicle decreased in the latter case, and the accuracy of fire improves.
A full salvo of 16 rockets can be fired in 20 seconds and can engage targets within a range of 36 kilometers and cover an area of 43 hectares. Indirect fire aiming is achieved with the use of a PG-1 panoramic telescope. The driver of the launch vehicle is equipped with a night vision device.
Before firing, stabilizing jacks must be lowered and the blast shield raised to protect the cab and its occupants. Reloading is done by substituting barrels. The vehicle is used to assist in reloading. It carries additional rockets and a crane to transfer the rockets from the reload vehicle to the launcher. The entire reloading procedure takes around 20 minutes.
The system works smoothly at external temperatures from -40 to +50º С, wind up to 20 m/s, high humidity and air dust content, at heights to 3,000 meters above sea level.
The 9M59 rocket projectile is equipped with a cluster warhead fitted with antitank mines and is for remote mine laying in front of enemy combat materiel units located in the battle zone and in concentrated areas. The 220mm caliber 9M59 is a 270kg rocket projectile of length 5,178mm, armed with an 89.5kg warhead. Each projectile carries nine mines. The salvo of one launch vehicle is capable of laying a mine dispersion area of 250ha.
The 9M27K 220mm rocket projectile is fitted with fragmentation submunitions scattering cluster warhead. It can engage manpower and soft-skinned targets in concentration areas. The 270kg rocket projectile is armed with a 90kg warhead and carries fragmentation submunitions of 30kg.
The 9M27F rocket projectile fitted with the HE-Frag (high-explosive fragmentation) warhead is for defeating manpower and the destruction of airfield runways, crossings, command posts, depots and other installations. The 280kg rocket projectile, of length 4,832mm and caliber 220mm, carries an explosive charge of 51.7kg and is armed with a 100kg warhead.
The 9M27K2 rocket projectile has an 89.5kg cluster warhead fitted with 24 anti-tank mines and is for remote mine laying in front of enemy combat units on the battlefront and in concentrated areas. The 220mm-calibre 9M27K2 rocket has a weight of 270kg and length 5,178mm. One salvo of the launch vehicle creates a mine dispersion area of more than 150ha.
The PTM-1 HE tank-disabling pressure-action mine is designed to destroy tank tracks rather than to pierce the armor of the tank. The 1.5kg mines are armed with a 1.1 high-explosive charge type PW-12S. The self-destruction time of the PTM-1 is three to 40 hours.
The Uragan 1M is effective at mine laying. Each 220 mm rocket can scatter over 300 anti-personnel mines. Minefields can be laid behind a retreating enemy. The 5kg anti-tank mines destroy the armoured vehicles from below. The mines are armed with a proximity fuse and directional 1.85kg explosive charge with high armor-piercing ability. The mines have a self-destruct time of 16 to 24 hour.
Because of its mobility, the Uragan 1M has a broad kill zone; it can be quickly readied to fire and immediately withdrawn, making it a formidable weapon to strike terrorist formations. The weapon will greatly boost the Russian Army’s artillery firepower.