Russian BTR-82A APC: Enhancing Ground Forces Capabilities

Russian BTR-82A APC: Enhancing Ground Forces Capabilities

The BTR-82A armored personnel carrier went through trials during the exercises conducted by the 201th military base located in Tajikistan in the foothills of the Eastern Pamirs. This was the first time the vehicle was tested in the mountainous terrain displaying the capability to strike targets at the distance of 1.7 km on the move along serpentine roads with steep climbs and descents. «Soldiers stationed in Tajikistan as part of the 201st Military Base used the new BTR-82A for the first time during maneuvers in the foothills of the Eastern Pamirs», Col. Yaroslav Roschupkin, the Central Military District spokesman, told reporters on July 26.

In April, the Russian Defense Ministry signed a contract on the supply of another batch of the BTR-82A armored personnel carriers (APC). Up to 20 new armored vehicles are to be delivered to the military during the current year.

The BTR-82A is an upgraded version of the BTR-80A wheeled armored vehicles.

Production for the Russian Army started in early 2013.

The vehicle has an upgraded protection system that increases its survivability. It boasts improved armor, spall liners, the cutting edge night vision device TKN-4GA-02, GLONASS navigation system and a powerful engine. The BTR-82A is also equipped with an improved fire extinguishing system that improves safety in case of fire and explosion. A new type of active shielding, adapted for use with high-speed and highly maneuverable combat vehicles, makes the BTR-82A practically immune to grenade launchers. The vehicle is protected against machine gun fire and artillery splinters with improvements against mines and improvised explosive devices (IEDs) added to the lower hull. Kevlar-type liners have been fitted to the inside of the hull, providing better all-round protection. To increase the comfort of the crew, the BTR-82A is equipped with air-conditioning system, which also serves to optimize operations conditions of electronic devices of the vehicle. An NBC protection system and a backup system allow the crew to continue fighting should they be attacked by nuclear, biological or chemical weapons. The BTR-82A is fully amphibious equipped with night vision equipment and a central tire-pressure regulation system. The vehicle command system is equipped with advanced communications, topographic maps and a surveillance camera (TKN-AI) for the vehicle’s commander. TKN-AI is fitted with laser range finder which allows the commander of the vehicle to detect enemy target at a distance of 3 km. The advanced observation gear makes it ideal for regular combat and counterterrorism operations alike. The vehicle has been reported to see combat in Syria.

The BTR-82A is equipped with new radio station R-168-25-U2, topographic orientation system, Trona-1 with an independent satellite channels and receiver of navigational data. The Trona-1 positioning system is designed to enhance the accuracy and credibility of navigation data by integration of the vehicle’s navigation system with the receiver of the GLONAS and NAVSTAR satellite navigation systems.

The 8x8 wheeled infantry fighting vehicle weighs 15.4 tons. Its maximum road speed is 90 km/h, maximum road range – 600 km. The new KAMAZ 740 engine power output – 300 hp. The vehicle also has auxiliary power unit, which powers all systems and charges the batteries, when the main engine is turned off. Auxiliary power unit can also export power. New transmission components and suspension allow an increased average speed in rough terrain. On water it is propelled by a single waterjet, located at the hull rear.

The carrier has the following dimensions: length, 7.65 m; width, 2.9 m; height, 2.8 m. This APC has a crew of three and accommodates 7 fully equipped troops. Each infantryman is provided with a firing port and a periscope for aiming. Troops can fire their weapons from inside the armored hull.

The main armament of the APC is a 30 mm dual-feed automatic cannon. The gun can fire armor piercing-tracer (AP-T) projectiles, high-explosive fragmentation-incendiary (HEF-I) and high-explosive-tracer (HE-T) ammunition. Maximum range of fire with armor-piercing-tracer rounds is 2 km (day) and 800 m (night). The secondary armament of the vehicle includes a 7.62mm PKTM coaxial machine gun. The firing elevation ranges from -7° to +70°. High elevation angle allows to use these weapons against low-flying air targets. The vehicle can destroy helicopters at a distance of up to 2.5 kilometer. 

The turret incorporates two-axis stabilization, new sighting channels, and three forward-facing 81 mm smoke grenade launchers on each side. The weapons are mounted externally so ammunition fumes do not enter the crew compartment. Additionally, the BTR-82A can be equipped with the Kornet class anti-tank system that is capable of destroying heavy armored vehicles at a distance of up to four kilometers, something that adds substantially to infantry’s combat operations.

The BTR-82A’s advanced fire control system adds significantly to the vehicle’s fire effectiveness. The vehicle has a shoot-on-the-move engagement capability. It is fitted with a full stabilization system, which allows for accurate firing on the move in all conditions, thanks to the new day and night sights. A laser range finder allows the commander of the vehicle to duly detect enemy targets.

The BTR-82 is also in service in Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan. Belarus ordered 32 of these APCs for delivery in 2016.

This armored personnel carrier is an invaluable tool for every infantry assault operation. The vehicle’s 30 mm autocannon with a coaxial 7.62 mm machinegun virtually tear apart concrete structures while its digital targeting systems ensure that the crew’s vision won’t be impaired by nighttime, leaving the enemy no place for taking cover. The vehicle will greatly enhance the Russian ground forces capabilities. The APC is listed among the top 10 world ranking armor vehicles by international experts.

Tags: Russian Army