Ukraine’s Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk accused Russia of «privatizing» the victory in Great Patriotic War. «Ukraine is a winner country in the Second World War and the original member of the United Nations», stressed Prime Minister of Ukraine Arseniy Yatsenyuk on April 16 at a session of the Organizing Committee on preparation and celebration of the 70th anniversary of the end of the Second World War.
It’s easier to sell a big lie if there is some truth in it. The Ukrainian Republic was an original member of the United Nations as part of the Soviet Union. It was not an entity under international law, it did not fight fascist Germany independently and cannot be considered a winner in the war. For instance, no state of the United States of America could claim to be a winner in the war or a founder of UN. The Yatsenyuk’s fantasy puts into question the established fact – the Soviet Union, the United States of America, Great Britain and France signed the Act of Germany’s capitulation. These states are the winners.
It does not belittle the contribution of the Ukraine’s Soviet Socialist Republic into victory or the suffering it went through. All Soviet republics contributed into the war effort. But Yatsenyuk does not bother about human sufferings – his goal is to separate Ukraine from Russia and make it look like Ukraine fought its own war separately from the family of nations making up the Soviet Union.
Let’s leave aside this blatant lie and tell about great efforts exerted by the Soviet Union to make Ukraine part of UN founding nations. The Dumbarton Oaks Conference or, more formally, the Washington Conversations on International Peace and Security Organization, was an international forum at which the United Nations was formulated and negotiated among international leaders. The conference was held at Dumbarton Oaks from August 21, 1944 through October 7, 1944. On August 28, Andrey Gromyko, the Soviet Ambassador to the United Nations, raised the issue of separate representation for the republics of the Soviet Union (the X issue or multipartite representation of the USSR in the United Nations).
Having received the report of State Secretary Edward Stettinius on the issue, President Franklin D. Roosevelt and State Secretary Cordell Hull vibrantly opposed the Soviet proposal to recognize all fifteen Soviet Socialist Republics as member states in the UN. It was counter-demanded by the United States that all then forty-eight states be similarly recognized. Roosevelt used diplomatic channels after the United Nations would be created. On August 28, Stettinius met Gromyko offering to take the proposal away from the text of protocol. Gromyko refused as he realized that the very fact of inclusion is a step forward.
Western partners also realized that. On August 31, 1944 Gromyko was invited by Secretary Hull in an attempt to talk him out of the initiative. On September 1, Roosevelt wrote a letter to Stalin expressing his concern. The Soviet leader answered with great dignity. He pointed out that Ukraine and Belarus were more important than other original members of the United Nations Organizations from point of the population and political clout. Stalin expressed a hope that he would have an opportunity to personally explain the importance of the issue. The following exchange of opinions did not lead anywhere. Roosevelt was adamant in his opposition to the Soviet proposal before leaving for the Big Three meeting in Crimea (February 1945). Moscow was looking for ways to make partners become more flexible, so it resorted to the principle – if you want the moon, ask for the stars. At Yalta conference the Soviet delegation settled for a compromise – not to insist on making all the republics UN original members, but only Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania. If worst came to worst it could be only the first two. As a result of hard talks at the Yalta conference, the United States and Great Britain agreed to support the membership of Ukraine and Belarus. But it was too early to celebrate the victory. Later it was revealed that the United States and Great Britain thought the two republics could count only on participation in the United Nations founding conference in San Francisko. Having received a corresponding note from Moscow, Gromyko sent a letter to Stettinius insisting on the interpretation agreed on at Yalta conference. The preparations for the United Nations founding conference proceeded. On April 13, 1945 Gromyko refused to approve the list of committees and commissions as the representatives of Belarus and Ukraine were not included into the lists of candidates for chairmanship.
To avoid the concession, the United States tried to link the Ukraine and Belarus membership with the Polish issue. At the April 25, 1945 meeting of Soviet, US, UK and China’s foreign ministers the American State Secretary insisted on the linkage. The Soviet Union did not cede. On April 27, the decision was taken to include the two republics into the list of original members. The Soviet leadership realized that the United States was pliant because it wanted the Soviet Union to take part in the war against Japan according to its obligations. It met the vital interests of the United States and made it seek a compromise. It was the merit of Soviet leaders and diplomats: from the Ambassador to Vyacheslav Molotov, the People's Commissar for Foreign Affairs, and Josef Stalin, the leader of the country. They knew how to stand upon their terms.
The Ukraine’s Soviet Socialist Republic became an international entity. Ukraine does not owe it to the United States standing behind the contemporary puppet regime in Ukraine. It received the status thanks to the efforts of the Soviet Union. The US tries to impede the process.
The Yatsenyuk’s statements just don’t add up. Who is Yatsenyuk? He is a political intriguer who came to power as a result of coup staged by those who are proud of generic relationship with fascist Germany’s henchmen. Probably, Yatsenyuk believes that the people around him are idiots. By saying that Ukraine was among original members of the United Nations he failed to think of something that could help him conceal the decisive role of Communist regime that made Ukraine an international entity. Otherwise Yatsenyuk may be accused of violating the recently adopted law «on the condemnation of the Communist and National Socialist (Nazi) totalitarian regimes in Ukraine and ban on the propaganda of their symbols». Or, perhaps, the hapless Ukrainian Prime Minister hopes that he could convince public that it was not the Soviet Red Flag adorned with a five-pointed star, hammer and sickle hoisted at the UN founding ceremony, but rather the blue and yellow one with the OUN (the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists) trident?