The Russian Federation has recently offered two draft resolutions on Ukraine to be considered by the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) but they have failed to come into force lacking support from other UNSC members.
On July 11 Russia's permanent representative to the UN Vitaly Churkin told journalists that Russia will no longer contribute to the Security Council by implementing draft resolution on Ukraine. Instead, Russia introduced the principles (elements) on which the future resolution should be built. He made a special statement on the situation in Ukraine stressing that Russia introduced the basic lines to adhere to while preparing the text of the future document. «We will not make another draft of a resolution. Instead, we offer the key elements that we believe are necessary to be included in the text of the resolution that UN Security Council will adopt», said the Russia diplomat. According to him, the elements contained a demand to the parties of the conflict to end violence. «We have circulated the elements which we hope will lay down the foundation for the UN Security Council resolution on Ukraine», Mr. Churkin emphasized. According to the Ambassador, the situation is getting worse in eastern Ukraine and Security Council must respond to it. He expressed the expectation that those members of the Security Council, which had previously blocked the draft resolutions on the situation in Ukraine, would reconsider their stance and realize that the United Nations cannot stand idle watching the crisis unfold… «It just cannot be so that people in the east of Ukraine are wrong, Kiev is right and Russia is the one to blame for each and everything that is wrong», he said. If the impasse is not resolved, the implications will be disastrous, the diplomat stressed. He also said that the so-called «peace plan» of Poroshenko was just a «smokescreen» to build up forces for military operations. According to Vitaly Churkin, Ukrainian authorities treat the Russian journalists with hostility. As a result, some of them have been killed. But no matter the hostile environment and hardships on the way, reporters continue to perform their professional duties. (1)
The presentation of «key founding elements» coincided with the official presentation of the White Book on Human Rights and the Rule of Law in Ukraine prepared by the Russian Federation Ministry of Foreign Affairs as an official United Nations document. (2)
The crimes are divided into categories according to the contemporary international right in strict accordance with the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights or ICCPR (a multilateral treaty adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 16 December 1966), the European Convention on Human Rights, the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD), the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities (FCNM) and a host of other international documents. The paper focuses on the violations of human rights, public order and safety, the use of torture, restrictions on freedom of speech and opinions, inhuman treatment, committed iniquity. The book adduces the facts of discrimination along ethnic and linguistic lines, xenophobia and racial extremism, incitement of racial hatred, including threats to the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Moscow Patriarchate.
The Interference in the Internal Affairs of a Sovereign State section is of special importance. It describes the influence of external factor on the situation in Ukraine. This part of the book presents the facts of intervention from outside. For instance, the members of the Seismas (the unicameral parliament) of the Lithuanian Republic: speaker L. Grauziniene and two vice-presidents made speeches at the Ukrainian opposition meetings calling for signing the agreement on association with the European Union. The German Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle went to Maidan and met the opposition leaders there. The members of European Parliament, for instance Poland's MEP Jacek Sariush-Volsky of the center-right European People's Party, said standing on Maidan podium that Russia stands in the way of implementing the Ukraine’s European choice and called to free prisoners from jail. Elmar Brok, the current Chairman of the European Parliament, demanded to free former Ukrainian Prime Minister Yulia Timoshenko from prison. Assistant State Secretary Victoria Nuland visited Maidan three times in the periods: December 6, 7, 11, 2013, February 6-8 and March 3-5, 2014. She gave instructions to opposition leaders while giving away cookies to Berkut soldiers. US senators Chris Murphy and John McCain used the Maidan podium to express the support for Ukraine’s association with Europe. There are many more examples of interference into internal affairs of Ukraine…(3)
The Book adduces facts to give serious ground for thinking that Maidan was staged by the United States Department through non-government organizations and private funds under its control. (4)
The White Book describes that the so called protest actions in Kiev were influenced by extremist ultranationalist and Neo-Nazi forces widely supported by the United States, the European Union. Soon the dramatic events resulted in mass violent actions leading to the coup d’état. As a result the power was seized by force and the anti-constitutional coup took place, the legitimate state authorities were actually broken down and a reign of lawlessness started. There were gross violations of human rights and freedoms committed by imposters. As a result, extremist, Neo-Nazi and ultranationalist sentiments, religious hatred and xenophobia, outright blackmail, threats and the pressure of the Maidan leaders on their opponents, «purges» and arrests, repressions and physical violence, sometimes even criminal rampage. (5)
The Russia’s MFA hopes that the facts described in the Book will finally be recognized in the relevant international organizations, which in accordance with their mandates must contribute to the conducting of objective and non-politicized investigations into the numerous violations of human rights and the principle of the rule of law in Ukraine. The perpetrators must be duly punished. Otherwise, extremists of all stripes and colors will receive a dangerous signal of encouragement.
The United Nations tops the list of the relevant international organizations in question. It carries the greatest responsibility for international peace and security. The publication of the White Book before Russian came out with a new resolution of the United Nations Security Council on putting an end to international humanitarian right by the Kiev regime is an important step to bolster the new Russian foreign policy initiative.
*17-20. The Verkhovna Rada deputy of the Svoboda (Freedom) Irina Farion came to a daycare in Lviv and told Misha and Peter that from now on their names would be Mihaylik and Petrik.
(From the White Book by the Russia’ MFA, page 84)
(2) Letter from Russia’s Federation Permanent Member to the United Nations on May 12. It says that the Ambassador offers for consideration the White Book on Human Rights and the Rule of Law in Ukraine. (November 2013 –March 2014) prepared by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Russian Federation. The paper offers systemized information on the crimes committed by armed brigands and the Kiev regime in the period November 2013 till March 2014. The Book also includes accumulated materials related to the crimes committed in April-July this year with legal evidence not full in some cases. Mr. Churkin said he would be grateful for making this paper and appropriate amendments circulate as a document of the 68th session of UN General Assembly items 69(b) and 85 of the agenda and as a document of the United Nations Security Council//UN Document: A/68/875–S/2014/331.
(3) All these actions are in violation with Article 2 of the United Nations Charter. It says that the Organization and its Members, in pursuit of the Purposes stated in Article 1, shall act in accordance with the following Principles. The Organization is based on the principle of the sovereign equality of all its Members. All Members, in order to ensure to all of them the rights and benefits resulting from membership, shall fulfill in good faith the obligations assumed by them in accordance with the present Charter. All Members shall settle their international disputes by peaceful means in such a manner that international peace and security, and justice, are not endangered. All Members shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state, or in any other manner inconsistent with the Purposes of the United Nations… All Members shall give the United Nations every assistance in any action it takes in accordance with the present Charter, and shall refrain from giving assistance to any state against which the United Nations is taking preventive or enforcement action… The Organization shall ensure that states which are not Members of the United Nations act in accordance with these Principles so far as may be necessary for the maintenance of international peace and security.. Nothing contained in the present Charter shall authorize the United Nations to intervene in matters which are essentially within the domestic jurisdiction of any state or shall require the Members to submit such matters to settlement under the present Charter; but this principle shall not prejudice the application of enforcement measures under Chapter Vll and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights of October 24, 1970 ( the principle that States shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any State or in any other manner inconsistent with the purposes of the United Nations). Every State has the duty to refrain in its international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any State, or in any other manner inconsistent with the purposes of the United Nations. Such a threat or use of force constitutes a violation of international law and the Charter of the United Nations and shall never be employed as a means of settling international issues. A war of aggression constitutes a crime against the peace, for which there is responsibility under international law. In accordance with the purposes and principles of the United Nations, States have the duty to refrain from propaganda for wars of aggression. Every State has the duty to refrain from the threat or use of force to violate the existing international boundaries of another State or as a means of solving international disputes, including territorial disputes and problems concerning frontiers of States. Every State likewise has the duty to refrain from the threat or use of force to violate international lines of demarcation, such as armistice lines, established by or pursuant to an international agreement to which it is a party or which it is otherwise bound to respect. Nothing in the foregoing shall be construed as prejudicing the positions of the parties concerned with regard to the status and effects of such lines under their special regimes or as affecting their temporary character. States have a duty to refrain from acts of reprisal involving the use of force. Every State has the duty to refrain from any forcible action which deprives peoples referred to in the elaboration of the principle of equal rights and self-determination of their right to self-determination and freedom and independence. Every State has the duty to refrain from organizing or encouraging the organization of irregular forces or armed bands including mercenaries, for incursion into the territory of another State. Every State has the duty to refrain from organizing, instigating, assisting or participating in acts of civil strife or terrorist acts in another State or acquiescing in organized activities within its territory directed towards the commission of such acts, when the acts referred to in the present paragraph involve a threat or use of force. The territory of a State shall not be the object of military occupation resulting from the use of force in contravention of the provisions of the Charter. The territory of a State shall not be the object of acquisition by another State resulting from the threat or use of force. No territorial acquisition resulting from the threat or use of force shall be recognized as legal.
(4) The Book adduces the assessment of experts whose studies have shown that the events in Ukraine had been planned since a long time. A string of Ukrainian opposition organizations got funds from the Fund of Soros and organization Pact Inc. working for USAID. For instance, Steve Wiseman cites a number of examples of US experts taking part in preparing protests against former Ukrainian President Yanukovych. The main coordinators from the US Department were Assistant Secretary for European and Eurasian Affairs Victoria Nuland and United States Ambassador to Ukraine Geoffrey Pyatt. Wiseman adduces some data on expenditure. In August 2013 he granted around $50 million to support Ukrainian opposition TV channel Hromadske TV. The team, including editor-in-chief Roman Srypinin – all chosen from the people with experience of working for Radio Liberty (Radio Svoboda) funded by the USA. Upon the Pyatt’s request around $30 million were to be provided by the Soros Fund and around $95 thousand – by the embassy of the Netherlands in Kiev. The just created TV channel started to broadcast right after President Yanukovych suspended on November 21, 2013 the signing of EU association agreement till its economic implications become clear. More in detail – pages 36-37 of the White Book and the Ron Paul Institute for Peace and Prosperity: http://ronpaulinstitute.org/
(5) The conclusion of the Russian MFA White Book, p. 75.