Common vision of the Ukraine’s situation could be an important prerequisite for creation of German-Polish partnership in Europe and it makes Berlin and Warsaw move closer to each other. That’s what is stated in a report that had appeared before the maidan protests in Kiev started. The idea to prepare the paper After Vilnius: Poland and Germany Must Advance the EU Eastern Policy (Über Vilnius hinaus denken: Polen und Deutschland müssen die EU-Ostpolitik vorantreiben) was initiated in Germany to involve German and Polish diplomats and politicians, members of Bundestag, ministers. Former Polish foreign ministers Adam Daniel Rotfeld and Andrzej Marian Olechowski were also among the contributors.
The vibrant Washington’s activities towards Ukraine make pale the attempts undertaken by Europeans to narrow the gaps inside the European Union while tackling the issue of Ukraine. Meanwhile Germans and Poles continue to actively engage Ukraine. They resort to the carrot and stick policy to perpetuate the conflict in the country.
«The European Union continues to be ready to sign and implement our agreement – initiated by the Ukrainian government more than a year ago – provided the authorities confirm their adherence to a free, united and democratic Ukraine and to the value s on which the Association Agreement is based», President of the European Council Herman Van Rompuy said after his meeting with Prime Minister of Poland Donald Tusk. According to Alexander Rahr, Director for Research at the German-Russian Forum NGO, the European Union takes the side of the opposition and treats Yanukovych as if he were illegal though he has not violated any laws. Germany has adroitly shifted to the Poles all the dirty work related to winning over and blackmailing Ukrainian politicians. And they bend over backwards to put their best foot forward.
President Bronislaw Komorowski offers a carrot by providing Ukraine with financial aid within the framework of Eastern Partnership to support its aspiration to join Europe.
Elmar Brok, Chairman of the European Parliament Committee on Foreign Affairs, offers economic aid in exchange for reforms, but it’s only words, there is nothing binding about it. At the same time he uses Deutsche Welle to tell Ukrainians that they should launch complaints about Moscow to the European Parliament, no matter Russia is the one to offer Ukraine substantial aid without any strings attached.
Vice-President of the European Parliament Jacek Protasevich threatens to sever formal ties between the European Union and Ukraine. American Jews like Zbignew Brzezinski openly say Russia would face a collapse in case it goes on supporting Ukraine. Polish public activists and politicians threaten Ukraine with civil war says Aleksander Smolar, a Polish political scientist who has headed an influential NGO – the Stefan Batory Foundation, provocatively point to the prospect of Ukraine’s dismemberment (the statement by Prime Minister Donald Tusk), and use Polskie Radio (Poland's national publicly funded radio broadcasting organization) to disseminate the idea that Poland «guarantees Ukraine the support for its right choice».
Poland and the United States use the Polish-Ukrainian Cooperation Foundation (PAUCI) and the Center for Free Elections and Democracy to spread around their ideas in Ukraine. Germans stress economic and humanitarian aspects as well as attempts to woo political elite and intellectuals (the main objective is not getting Ukraine involved in European structures but spurring the «leak of brains» or making gifted personalities move to Germany). This mission is carried out by the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom, the CSU-associated Hanns Seidel Foundation (German: Hanns-Seidel-Stiftung), one of the German party-associated foundations, the Friedrich Ebert Foundation (German: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung; Abbreviation: FES), the largest and oldest of the German party-associated foundations with offices and projects in over 100 countries, the Robert Bosch Foundation (Robert Bosch Stiftung GmbH), one of the major German foundations associated with the private company – Robert Bosch GmbH, the Fraunhofer Society (German: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der angewandten Forschung e. V. — «Fraunhofer Society for the advancement of applied research»), a German research organization with 67 institutes spread throughout Germany each focusing on different fields of applied science, the German Academic Exchange Service or DAAD (German: Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst), the largest German support organization in the field of international academic co-operation, the German Research Foundation (the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft), an important German research funding organization and the largest such organization in Europe, the Helmholtz Association of German Research Centers (German: Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft Deutscher Forschungszentren) is the largest scientific organization in Germany, the Association for International Education and Exchange (IBB), an institutionally and politically autonomous, charitable and non-profit organization with special programs for Belarus, and many others. The financial resources at their disposal strike the imagination. For instance, the Fraunhofer Society is far from being the largest and most known, but it boasts a budget of 1, 4 billion euros, in the case of DAAD it exceeds €250 million etc. I’m not talking about the Konrad Adenauer Foundation which runs hundreds of humanitarian programs in over 120 countries.
Those who represent these structures, like Andreas Umland, a maidan coordinator, who coordinates his activities with US experts on coups d’etat, and is declared a persona non-grata in Ukraine, believe that Ukraine needs a change of political generation. Norbert Beckmann-Dierkes, expert on Eastern and Central Europe, the Konrad Adenauer Foundation, says priority is given to the youth, which determines the future of their country. Nico Lange, head of the Ukraine office of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation, speaks against the fragmentation of political parties because the goal is the establishment of broad coalition based on common views.
German non-profit organizations has formed a wide net of allies in Ukraine itself, including: the Institute of Political Education, an independent non-government Public organization, the Institute for Euro-Atlantic Cooperation, the Academy of Ukrainian Press, the Victor Pinchuk Foundation, the largest private Ukrainian research think tank, the Ukrainian Centre for Economic and Political Studies named after Olexander Razumkov, a non-governmental public policy think tank, etc. Working closely with scientific community and public structures, German NGOs keep in focus Ukrainian media, they are involved in partners’ projects with Ukrainian government structures, they organize seminars with top and middle level officials of Ukrainian power agencies and get involved in election process. Their activities are not limited by Ukraine but also spread on Belarus and Russia.
The concentration on intellectual and economic spheres allows Germans to have a foothold in Ukraine while avoiding the confrontation with Moscow and any whatsoever responsibilities before Ukrainians (this mission is shifted to the Polish partner). Germany is the second (after Russia) Ukraine’s trading partner which is gradually boosting its clout in Europe and the post-Soviet space.
It makes the overseas strategists from US State Department bear a grudge. It’s irritating enough to make US Assistant Secretary Victoria Nuland use obscene language while talking about the European Union with the US ambassador to Ukraine Geoffrey Pyatt. Washington wants Germans to pull chestnuts out of the maidan fire giving priority to the interests of «world community» over the national ones. In the given case the «world community» is associated with the United States… European leaders in Brussels think that the swearwords pronounced by Nuland reflect the common feelings of Americans tired of EU diplomacy, «a general mood among the Americans, and not just on Ukraine, that they are getting tired of EU diplomacy, that we are not effective even in our own neighbourhood» (Helga Schmid, deputy secretary general of the European Union). At that, the titles of German media eloquently demonstrate there is a wide gap between the goals pursued by the United States and those that Germany sets itself: Fuck the EU» Absolutely Unacceptable for Angela Merkel (Die Welt); Merkel Upset by Insult «Fuck the EU» (Frankfurter Rundschau); «Fuck the EU». Merkel, «Absolutely Unacceptable» (Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung).