Before 2011, unlimited swaps between central banks were open for a period of seven days. In the autumn of 2011, however, the US FRS, the European Central Bank (ECB), the Bank of Japan, the Bank of England, the Bank of Switzerland and the Bank of Canada (the ‘big six’) agreed to coordinate actions to ensure the liquidity of the global financial system... Currency wars are not going anywhere; they are just ceasing to exist within the currency pool of the ‘big six’, while new currency wars between the ‘big six’ and the rest of the world are inevitable. The success of BRICS and other countries on the periphery of global capitalism in building a fair global financial order will, to a large extent, depend on the understanding that the West has already been consolidated and has distanced itself from the rest of the world...
D.Sc. (Economics), Economist and the chairman of the S.F. Sharapov Russian Economic Society