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The main source of the Iran-Pakistan tensions

News | 25.02.2014 | 16:25

Recent kidnapping of Iranian border militants organization "Jaish al-Adl" in the province of Sistan and Baluchestan not the first time attracted the world's attention to this province. This area was referred to as a "cancer" on the body of the Islamic Republic, and compared with the troubled region, as the Russian North Caucasus. Anxiety specialists is justified, given the increased in recent months, the extent of activity of terrorist groups of Sistan and Baluchistan. Because in order to kidnap five Iranian border, the terrorists must have a very an efficient structure and dozens of well-trained fighters.Furthermore, the activity of terrorists seriously strained relations with Pakistan and Iran threatens the entire region with the most serious geopolitical consequences.

Kidnapping Iranians: bloody deja vu

Meanwhile, the kidnapping was not defenseless citizens in this troubled territory already taken place. June 13, 2008 12 Iranian policemen were abducted by militants group "Jundallah." As now, the prisoners were taken to the territory of Pakistan. After that, they were all executed.

Grouping Jaish al-Adl, which announced its involvement in the abduction of Iranian soldiers can with full right to that considered the successor actually defeated in Iran "Jundallah." This sharply anti-Shia Salafi and structure, which translates not only as "the Party of Justice," originated in 2012 - just in time for the almost complete extinction of the Jundallah and capture not only her commanders, but also a significant part of the rank and file members. However, a lot of fighters and communication in the province, as well as in Pakistani territory have dismantled the structure remained. Given the close relationship "Jundallah" with the U.S. secret services and the Gulf, it is difficult to imagine that they are not used existing potential. In this sense, the emergence of "Jaish al-Adl" and another group, "Harakat Ansar Iran" seems quite logical.

Jundallah - the Salafi dagger against Iran

Necessary to dwell on the most "Jundallah", since the activity of modern groups, though it looks daunting, yet concedes that perhaps the main salafist dagger aimed against the Islamic Republic. This group originated in the province of Sistan and Baluchistan in 2003, not just - to live in its territory Baluchis, who are not only ethnic, but also a religious minority in Iran. Unlike 90% of the country's citizens professing Shia Islam - they are Sunnis. Various political movements for secession Sistan and Baluchistan of Iran, began to appear as early as the mid-20th century. First of them, for example in 1964, based in Syria Balochi Liberation Front, had a secular orientation. From the very beginning received money from abroad (in particular, Iraq and Nasser of Egypt), and in 1968 an uprising raging for several years, both in Iran and in the Baluchi areas of Pakistan. It should be noted that this is not only the people living in these two states, as well as in Afghanistan, which creates an even greater risk of separatism in each of the three countries. Moreover, an important factor of tension in the Baluchi areas of Iran is and what they are - the most backward in the country. In the province of Sistan and Baluchestan worst infrastructure, very low density and population. In this area of the province is very high.

In the 80s the banner of struggle against the lawful government in Sistan and Baluchistan Baluch picked up the autonomist movement Abdulaziz Mollazade. During the war between Iran and Iraq this movement enjoyed the active support of Saddam Hussein, but after an open confrontation was successfully abandoned them and left without foreign "feeders", it fell apart almost immediately. However cadres involved in the activities and autonomists in large part remaining in the province, have been used to create in 2003 the already mentioned "Jundallah" which has already religious, the Salafi movement and act not only against Iran as a state, but also against the Shiites, as "wrong Muslims" or non-Muslims at all. Leader, perhaps the most powerful in the history of the Iranian Sistan and Baluchistan terrorist group was 20-year-old Abdulmalik Rigi, which also raises doubts as to the autonomy of its actions.

List of "feats" gangster network looks horrific. Already two years after its founding, "Jundallah" attacked the motorcade of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad of Iran, killing one of his bodyguards. A year later, near the village of Tasuku militants killed 21 civilians. In 2007, militants "Jundallah" filled with explosives blew up a car near the bus carrying Revolutionary Guards.Terrorist attack claimed the lives of 18 people and 31 soldier was wounded. In 2008, there was the aforementioned kidnapping and murder of Iranian police in 2009 - several terrorist attacks in Pishin, which claimed the lives of several dozen people, including the deputy commander of the IRGC Ground Forces Nur Ali Shushtari Corps and commander of troops in the province of Sistan and Balochistan Radzhabali Mohammadzade. Terrorists "Jundallah" repeatedly fell into the hands of the Iranian law enforcement, however, after the attacks in Pishin hunting was announced on faction leader Abdulmalik Rigi.

His flying from Dubai to Bishkek, Kyrgyz, filmed February 23, 2010 with the aircraft, which followed over the territory of Iran.During the raid had to put the liner in Bandar Abbas airport using fighter aircraft. May 24, 2010 was executed brother Abdulmalik Abdulhamid Riga, which had previously renounced what he did his brother and the commander and accused of having links with the CIA. Soon confessed to having links with the CIA itself Abdulmalik Rigi. Terrorist in detail painted mechanisms for obtaining funds from the Americans, investigators presented the relevant documents. Videotape confessions Riga was shown on Iranian television, as well as official Tehran sent to U.S. President Barack Obama and UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon. The latter, by the way, chose not to notice such an interesting material. Abdulmalik Rigi himself, after the trial, was executed June 20, 2010.

However, the activity "Jundallah" with the execution of the leader did not stop. July 16 militants in revenge for the death of Riga, made two explosions in the city of Zahedan mosque. Killed 27 worshipers. And in December 2010, two suicide bombers detonated organization in the crowd celebrated the Ashura Shiite city of Chabahar. The result was the death of the monstrous terrorist attack 39 people, including many women and children. However, after the arrest and execution of leaders and a number of prominent members of the activity "Jundallah" has declined. The year 2011 was marked by the arrest of several commanders and ordinary fighters grouping. For example, in April this year was neutralized squad of five people and seized weapons and ammunition. In June - four more "fighter" with an explosives belt in the bargain, and in October of 2012 in the city of Chabahar soldiers Iranian Basij (volunteer militia) was averted terrorist attack in a Shiite mosque. Despite a gradual decrease in activity "Jundallah", it not only was partially replaced by new, not less aggressive groups such as "Jaish al-Adl," but not formally ceased its existence, and to this day, continuing to try to make some attacks and sabotage.

Western intelligence agencies - the sponsors and helpers Iranian terrorists

Abdulmalik Riga and his brother were given one of the main "secrets" of its structure - due to the special services of the United States. Despite the fact that Washington does not comment on this information, the American people want to know the truth, which is expressed, for example, in investigative journalism in the United States. Thus, the American television channel ABC News in 2007 showed a report that Washington financed Iranian terrorists "Jundallah" of funds are not controlled by the Congress and the president. And in 2008 the expert community has passed the information quite official allocation of this and some other groups, acting against Tehran, $ 400 million. Suitable sanction George Bush and his administration managed to get from Congress. American money "Jundallah" has received mostly through Iranian migrants in the countries of the Persian Gulf and Europe. Supported terrorists carried out not only the U.S. but also Britain. Thus, the newspaper "The Independent" reported that in 2007, British special forces carried out several operations in the Iranian province of Sistan and Baluchestan. And in January 2012 edition of the Washington Foreign Policy published an article which reported on therecruitment of terrorists "Jundallah" agents of the Israeli Mossad.

Terrorists quarrel Iran and Pakistan

Iran now faces a new wave of terrorist activity. Recent kidnapping - only the last significant event in this sad series. It will be recalled that in October 2013, militants "Jaish al-Adl," attacking the frontier, killed 14 Iranian border, and then quietly left the territory of Pakistan. Just a few days later on the territory of the same province of Sistan and Baluchestan in Zahedan, the prosecutor was killed Musa Nuri. A December 18 there were blown up by a mine three IRGC fighters who were traveling in the car.

Repeatedly militants fleeing retribution Iranian law enforcement agencies in Pakistan. From there, they get into Iran to commit terrorist acts. That Pakistan is currently the most problematic area for Iran from a security standpoint. Despite the fact that earlier President Asif Ali Zardari went against Tehran and issued several prominent members of the "Jundallah", including Abdulraufa Riga, another brother of its leader, now Islamabad declares his inability to find and disarm militants "Jaish al-Adl." Pakistani leadership has been sharply criticized by political heavyweight, chairman of the Commission on Security and Foreign Policy Alaeddin Boroujerdi, Iranian Majlis. After the attack on the border post in October 2013, the Islamic Republic offered its neighbor to send its own territory investigators to search for terrorists, but has not received a positive response.

Iran `s patience was crowded border after the kidnapping. First Deputy Interior Minister Ali Abdollahi said Iran about the direction of the Iranian delegation to Islamabad to find their soldiers. Then his boss, Abdulreza Fazli promised that in the case of passive law enforcement agencies of Pakistan in apprehending terrorists and release of border guards, Iran would have to send troops into the territory of a neighboring country and liberate their own military.

Despite the fact that the development of this tension has not yet received, and soon there were meetings IRI President Hassan Rouhani with the head of Pakistan's National Assembly, Ayaz Sadiq and Interior Minister of Pakistan Chaudhry Ali Khan, Ambassador of Iran in Islamabad Agagianom Alireza, during which the parties generally agreed on peaceful and constructive cooperation, the situation is very revealing. Tehran nearly fell out with one of its main regional partners. Recall that in 2012, when the danger of a U.S. military operation, Israel and their allies against the Islamic Republic was great, it was Pakistan said that will not hesitate to use force to protect Iran. Whether it is necessary to clarify who benefits destroy Iranian-Pakistani partnership? In the case of realization of the announced military operation Iranian troops in Pakistan, not to descend not only the relations between the two countries. Destroyed will create an image of the Islamic Republic for decades, as a state, never committed aggression against any other country. In light of the improving Tehran's image in the world after his election to the presidency of Hassan Rouhani - also very favorable for all enemies of Iran prospect. We should not forget about the economy.Between Iran and Pakistan, just in the province of Sistan and Baluchestan, a gas pipeline. Its launch would negate a significant portion of sanctions against Iran, Tehran will give considerable freedom in economic and, as a consequence - political issues.Aggravation of relations between Tehran and Islamabad is able to freeze and this promising project.

* * *

The fight against terrorism - one of the main priorities of the Islamic Republic. However, modern terrorism is international, not only - it does not recognize national boundaries, and can be funded from a variety of sources. Structures such as the "Jundallah" and "Jaish al-Adl" - the brightest examples. Terrorism in the province of Sistan and Baluchestan, evolving for decades, gives you the opportunity to make some observations. First, it is obvious that it can be, both secular and religious. Both forms, as history has shown, are equally dangerous for both government of the Islamic Republic, and for the lives of its individual citizens.Secondly, the fight against terrorism in Sistan and Baluchistan is unthinkable without the cooperation of Pakistan and perhaps the Afghan parties. Ignoring this interaction, which has recently shown Islamabad, leads not only to international tension, but also to these interstate conflicts and expand the zone of chaos from Afghan territory to the south and west. This - the goal of U.S. intelligence, the UK and Israel. While Iran and Pakistan have had examples of cooperation in the fight against terrorism in the past, as well as serious prospects for its renewal in the future. February 21 Pakistani Foreign Ministry issued an official statement calling for the release of Iranian consider guards and destruction gangs bilaterally. The Ministry noted constructive already passed negotiations between Tehran and Islamabad and expressed the hope that the private border incident can not destroy the good relations between the countries, which were built decades. Despite the recent deterioration of the situation on the Iran-Pakistan border, the optimism of this statement is justified. Faced with the joint confrontation between Tehran and Islamabad, the terrorists "Jaish al-Adl" will not go to the aggravation of the situation and are unlikely to kill captured by border guards. The fierceness of their predecessors, and that it was followed by the two countries had to teach the necessary lessons to other terrorists. Without a doubt, their activity still threatens relations of Iran and Pakistan, but there is a good chance to strengthen and Iranian-Pakistani cooperation on the basis of a joint opposition to terrorism. Victory over this most dangerous threat may be the foundation for a radically new, unprecedented levels of strategic interaction Islamabad and Tehran.

Tags: Balochistan Iran Middle East Pakistan US

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