Mobile version Today: 29.12.2014 Last update 00:11 | Select date RUS | ENG | SRB
 
 
home sitemap write a letter facebook twitter
Add to favourites RSS


ONLINE JOURNAL
About us
Authors
Contacts
    How the CIA Launched the «Financial Pearl Harbor» Attacks on Russia and...  
    Russia Confronts US’ Containment Strategy  
    Otto von Bismarck’s Epistle to Angela Merkel  
  HOME PAGE WORLD BUSINESS HISTORY & CULTURE COLUMNISTS  
 
 
 
EDITOR'S CHOICE
 
The Victory of ‘Perception Management’
 
Fallout from Obama’s Russia Strategy Is Spreading through Europe
all articles
 
 
 
 
NEWS
 
 
Sniper Kills Iranian Commander Training Anti-IS Troops in Iraq: Reports...

Poroshenko orders government to take measures to stop rolling blackouts...

Activists: Groisman blocks vote on the bill on the National Anti-Corruption Bureau...

IS 'executed' nearly 2,000 in Syria since declaration of ‘caliphate’...

Kiev, Donetsk Representatives to Meet for Reconciliation Talks Monday...

'Mobile bomb': Iranian army tests suicide drone in massive drills...

Silent March Against Police Brutality Ends in St.Louis...

Syria ready to discuss Russia peace plan talks...

Abkhazia delivers 50 tonne humanitarian aid to Donetsk republic...

Busts Bandera nationalists in Ukraine was cast in gold...

Kobani Liberation to Become Top Priority for Kurds in 2015: Kurdish Leader...

Anti-Russian Sanctions Cannot Solve Ukrainian Crisis: Moscow...

US Armed Rebels Gave TOW missiles to Al Qaeda...

Ukrainian Nazis continued shelling residential areas of Donetsk...

Kyrgyzstan joining Eurasian Economic Union on very good conditions - president...

all news
 
 
 
FACEBOOK
 
 

 

 
 
 
back print
 
WORLD

Transcarpathia under Threat of Imminent Invasion

Vladislav GULEVICH | 28.01.2014 | 00:00
 

According to Romanian media reports, Bucharest will have to guarantee security for Romanians in Bukovina and Odessa. If the situation in Ukraine gets worse, it will have to deploy troops in the areas of their residence. The Transcarpathian Hungarians also raise the issue of their security. It is reported that Budapest keeps the option of bringing troops into the Transcarpathian region (Zakarpatie) on the table. Euromaidan has an obvious radical Transcarpathian taint, Transcarpathia and Galicia (Galitsiya or Galichina) have had divisions since a long time ago. Even in the days of WWI and after nationals never stopped attempts to ukranize Hungarian Ruthenia or Uhorska Rus, the historic name of Transcarpathia. In 1920-1938 Hungarian Ruthenia belonged to Czechoslovakia. Prague tried to ukranize Ruthenians (or Rusyns), using Galician nationalists for the purpose. Transcarpathia had never been associated with Ukraine till 1939. Hitler’s stooge Avgustyn Voloshyn created the puppet state of Carpatho-Ukraine launching the process of ukrainization. Literally in a couple of days after the puppet states came into being, Hitler gave Transcarpathia (Carpatho-Ukraine) to his Hungarian ally Miklós Horthy. In 2002 by the decree of then Ukrainian President Leonid Kuchma Avgustyn Voloshyn was awarded the title of the Hero of Ukraine and given the Order of State posthumously. It was an open affront to Transcarpathian Ruthenians, who remember the concentration camp Dumen created for those who did not want to ukranize and defended the right to remain a Rusyn even under the threat of death. 

As Euromaidan in Kiev goes on a rampage, the attempts are undertaken to spread the unrest to other regions of Ukraine. It has made Transcarpathia place cordons at the border with Galichina to keep extremists away. There are voices raised calling for returning to the historical name of the region - Subcarpathian Rus. 

The situation is complicated enough being artificially exacerbated by the influence of maidan events. Hungary feels a temptation to take advantage of what’s going on and ultimately annex Transcarpathia (Hungarian Ruthenia), the territory it has always considered to be its own, by taking it away from contemporary Ukraine. Ethnic Hungarians account for the majority of population in the Transcarpathian border areas. The land has been under the trusteeship of Budapest for a long time. Historically the relations between Ruthenians (Uhorska Rusyns) and Hungarians have always been better than, for instance, between Galician Russians and Poland. Under Hungarian rule Ruthenians had their own schools (they are destitute of this right now being part of democratic Ukraine), they were recognized as people belonging to certain nationality. It does not mean the history of Ruthenian - Hungarian relations is a bed of roses. «Madyarization» was an element of Hungarian government policy towards Slav peoples (Ruthenians and Slovaks). As a result special strata – madyarons - emerged among Ruthenians. These people have Ruthenian blood but madyar souls. Hungarians believed it was to their advantage if Ruthenians were not allowed to become Ukrainians and were kept away from getting close to Russia. Hungary always stressed the word Uhorska (Hungarian) to claim Uhorska Rus as part of Hungarian state. 

The threat maidan poses is great because it creates the preconditions for the division of Ukraine, in particular it provokes Budapest into putting forward claims to restoration of historic justice by making Uhorska Rus part of Hungary again. 

How imminent is the threat of Hungarian invasion? Transcarpathia is important oil and gas transportation hub, the control over the region makes possible reshaping the whole structure of Russia’s energy exports to Europe. The stakes are high. The conditions are extremely favorable: the Ukrainian law enforcement agencies are partially paralyzed, the contradictions between the western and the south-eastern parts of Ukraine have got exacerbated to the utmost, Kiev is being overtly too cautious, radicals enjoy the support offered by Brussels and Washington. Hungary will have to wait for a long time till another opportunity like this occurs. The country is a member of NATO, all “peacemaking” operations (that the kind of action to be undertaken in case the decision to “rescue” Transcarpathian Hungarians is in force) will be conducted in concert with the allies. Will Washington say yes in case President Yanukovych does not cede to the pressure of street protests and continues the policy aimed at getting closer to the Customs Union after the association agreement with the European Union is suspended? Is the West resolute enough to resort to extreme steps, like the division of Ukraine, for instance, to prevent the emergence of East Slavic pole of strength (Moscow-Minsk-Kiev)? In this case it will convert Ukraine into a kind of buffer zone to keep Eurasia away from the European Union and undermine the process of integration in the post-Soviet space. There are no clear-cut answers to these questions at present, but the practice of destabilizing Ukraine has made it all a part of agenda. West Ukraine is perfectly fit to become a buffer area, especially if Uhorska Rus – the most Russia leaning region of West Ukraine - is nibbled away and made part of Hungary. In this case a new political and territorial entity with strong Russophobe ideological taint will emerge in the heart of Europe. Budapest will only have to continue the policy of educating Hungarian Russians «Magyar orosz» to integrate them into Hungarian cultural and political space. In theory the hypothetical accession of Transcarpathia into Hungary would be a big step on the way of NATO expansion to the East. It’s a small piece of land with great geopolitical importance. The strategic advantage of exercising control over this territory is immense. 

Carpathian Rusyns will not stay idle, they have always remembered their Russian roots, and they see their chance of survival only as part of common Russian civilization. If Hungarians swing over to Budapest, then the majority of Rusyns will move to Moscow and Kiev hoping for an alliance. There are already voices raised among them saying Transcarpathia choose Kiev in case West Ukraine gets separated…

 
Tags: Hungary Transcarpatia Ukraine
 

 
Rating: 4.5 (17)      Your rating: 1 2 3 4 5     
 
Send by e-mail

Социальные комментарии Cackle
Comments
 
To add a comment, Login or Register
 
 
 
OUR COLUMNIST
    Finian CUNNINGHAM

US Thought-Control Goes into Loop over Sony Hollywood Hack

...A crime story at Sony carried out by hackers for extortion or just kicks is transformed into a major national security threat posed by North Korea purely on the basis of innuendo and baseless assertion. Is that not the most audacious manifestation of thought-control and manufacturing of perception? Obama and his ilk in Washington and the American mainstream media are so deluded with their own self-righteous sense of freedom and «exceptionalism». Thought-control is exactly what America is about, as is all too plain to see from the hysteria over the Sony hack and the demonisation of North Korea...

28.12.2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
TAGS
 
 
 
Aeroflot AFISMA African Union Africom AIPAC Al Qaeda Al Shabaab Al-Jazeera ALBA Amnesty International Anonymous APEC Arab League ASEAN ATAKA Atomstroyexport Bank for International Settlements Bank of America Barclays Basel Committee BBC Bilderberg Club Black Bloc Blackwater Boco Haram BP BRICS CELAC Center for Responsive Politics CEPAL Chevron CIA CICA CIS Citigroup CNN Committee of 147 Committee of 300 Council of Europe Council on Foreign Relations Crescent Crescent Petroleum CSTO Customs Union DARPA Davos DEA Defense Intelligence Agency DIA Dragon Family E.ON Eager Lion ECOWAS EDA ELNET Enbridge Pipelines ETA EU EULEX EurAsEc Eurasian Union European Commission European Court of Human Rights European Union Exxon Mobil Facebook FAO FARC FATAH FBI FDA Federal Reserve FIFA Financial Action Task Force Financial Stability Board Fitch Franklin Templeton Freedom House FRS FSB FTA FUEN G-4 G20 G7 G8 GATA Gazprom GECF Glonass Goldman Sachs Google Greenpeace GUAM Guardian Gulf Cooperation Council Hague Tribunal HAMAS Heritage Foundation Hezbollah Hizb ut-Tahrir HSBC Human Rights Watch IAEA IEA IHRC IMF International Criminal Court Interpol IOC ISAF Islamic jihad Islamic Revolution Guards Corps ITERA Jamestown JP Morgan Jundullah KFOR KLA Ku Klux Klan Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam Lukoil Massachusetts Institute of Technology Mercosur Microsoft Missile defense Missile Defense Agency Moody's Morgan Stanley Mossad Most-Favoured Nation Mujahedin-e Khalq Muslim Brotherhood Nabucco Naftogaz NASA Nation of Islam National Security Agency NATO NDAA NDI NED Non-aligned Movement NORAD Nord Stream NORTHCOM Northern Distribution Network NSA OECD Oerlikon OIC OPCW OPEC Open Government Partnership Organization of American States OSCE OTW movement OUN / UPA PACE PACOM Pan-Europa movement Pentagon PJAK PKK PRISM PYD Red Cross Renova Republican Party Rosatom Roscosmos Rosneft Rosoboronexport Ruhrgas RusAl RWE SABSA Scientology Shanghai Cooperation Organization Shell Siemens South Stream Southern Command Standard & Poor's Statoil Strategic Nuclear Forces Stratfor SWF SWIFT Syrian National Council SYRIZA Taliban Tamarod TAPI TeleSur TNK-BP Total Transneft TTIP Twitter UN UN International Court UNASUR UNESCO USAID Valdai Club Visegrad Group Wall Street Westinghouse Wikileaks World Bank WTO Yukos “Mass Atrocity Response Operations”
 
 
 

Republishing is welcomed with reference to Strategic Culture Foundation on-line journal www.strategic-culture.org.


 

 

 
 
© Strategic Culture Foundation

RSS

Main Politics History&Culture Archive Authors Popular
  Economics Columns About Contact

Яндекс.Метрика

 

Vladislav GULEVICH


all articles