Ukrainian Maidans: Separatist Trends as Hidden Motive
Nikolai MALISHEVSKI | 09.12.2013 | OPINION

Ukrainian Maidans: Separatist Trends as Hidden Motive

On December 6 the Ukrainian opposition, which serves as a cover for the forces trying to change the country’s political system, announced the formation of «independent power structures» in Kiev and called on international community to recognize the «Kiev-based self-rule» authorities. On December 4 the Party of Regions warned that some local Soviets (local authorities) of the Ukraine’s western regions act under the putschists’ guidance. They are getting involved in the «parade of sovereignties» and take illegal decisions directly threatening the territorial integrity of the country… The main maidan was used for spreading these local-separatist sentiments across the entire Ukraine. Irina Vereshuk, the Mayor of Rava-Ruska town, said this urban area situated at the distance of two kilometers from the Polish border, declares itself a «free zone» and may integrate directly into the European Union.

This declaration is made against the background of five western provinces of Ukraine joining the general strike. It gives rise to a number of questions. Why should the «westerners» want the dismemberment of Ukraine? What outside forces are interested in splitting the country? The West has been discussing the prospects for the division since a long time ago (Limes, a monthly Italian geopolitical magazine, predicted as far back as 2009 that as a result of geopolitical changes and growing financial crisis there will be at least three state entities formed on the territory of contemporary Ukraine).

The answers are easy to find. The western provinces of the country fully depend on subsidies from the center. Vociferous «Europe fans – self–rule advocates» raising voices at maidans are ordinary demagogues and bloodsuckers that cannot make it without the money hard earned by Eastern Ukraine. It’s not separation and independence that the followers of Bandera’s ideas and other «West-prone» minorities want. What they really strive for is political domination, the control over the majority of Ukrainians established for achieving their economic (exploitation of industrially developed eastern provinces), ideological (squeezing out Russian language and the Greek Orthodox faith) and foreign policy goals. There are a few ways offered to pursue the objectives.

First – the way supported by traditional nationalists who believe that Ukraine cannot be independent in the contemporary world, they want to get separated from the «Moskali» (Russians) dominated East and South to ease accession to NATO and the European Union. The idea of Ukraine’s division is viewed favorably by Germans who have their own interest here. The division of Ukraine into several parts will leave the gas transit routes on the territory West sympathizers.

Those who prefer the second way think that having become «really independent» and allied with the West, they could expand the territory under their control to the size of «Greater Ukraine» at the expense of Russia.

British expert John Laughland wrote in 2004 that these aspirations are partly supported by US political lobby biased against the incumbent Russian President. The corporations like Conoco Phillips (it is the third largest integrated energy company in the United States based on market capitalization, oil and natural gas reserves and the US second largest refinery company).

Aside from internal factors that foster the process of the Ukraine’s balkanization, there are important aspects influencing the situation form outside. That is something Ukrainian media outlets prefer not to mention. Is it the reason why the neighbors playing the card of balkanization (Hungary, Poland and Romania) act as the main Ukraine’s allies pushing it into NATO while reserving some chunks of the country for themselves by adopting new laws on citizenship?

Budapest cherishes the dreams of «Greater Hungary». It fully supports the «Kiev westerners» eyeing the potentially Hungarian lands of Transcarpatia (Zakarpattia Oblast) dominated by Hungarian population (around 12 percent of Berehove, Vynohradiv, Uzhhorod, and Mukachevo districts).

Warsaw has the ambitions of its own which to large extent coincide with the aspirations of Hungary. In 2006 Poland launched the policy of creating the fourth Rzeczpospolita. It has its own vision of the future for Ukrainian right bank lands. These territories belonged to the first and second Rzeczpospolitas. The Catholic Poland and the Catholic Hungary coordinate their policies. It allows the both states to come up with one common strategy in Eastern Europe. To implement the plans Warsaw launches multiple programs, like the «Polish Card» for instance, which is to be received by around half a million Ukrainians, according to Polish newspaper Dziennik.

As soon as Ukraine suspended the process of association with the European Union by the end of November, Ukrainian nationalist got really jittery. Yuri, the son of Roman Shukhevych, who served in SS units during Shukhevych WWII, said that as the Association Agreement is postponed, Ukraine should turn to Poland. Commenting this words in Polish newspaper Nasz Dziennik, Andrzej Zapalowski, former member of European parliament from Poland and vice-chairman of the delegation to the EU-Ukraine Parliamentary Cooperation Committee, said, «The words of Yuri Shukhevych prove again that in case Ukraine refuses the integration with the European Union, the country’s nationalists will change their stand towards Poland. They will start the policy of rapprochement even if the price is separation from Ukraine. I don’t exclude the possibility of federal tendencies in the relationship between Galicia and Poland».

Romania is another Ukraine’s neighbor and a member of NATO. It prepares to raise the territorial issue of North Bukovina, Hertsa district, the former three districts of Bessarabia: Hotinsky, Akkerman, Ismail and even the city of Odessa. The representatives of Ukrainian Romanians have already blamed Kiev for «genocide of Romanian minority» and illegal accession of «native Romanian lands»… Bucharest is on the way of annexing Moldova. Its main territorial claim at present is the expansion of oil and gas – rich continental Black Sea shelf (that’s why the territorial dispute over Snake Island, also known as Serpent Island, has been lasting for a few years already).