Geopolitical Games Around “Greater Circassia”
Vladislav GULEVICH | 28.12.2010 | OPINION

Geopolitical Games Around “Greater Circassia”

Judging by the fact that several US research centers are studying the genocide allegedly suffered by the Circassian people and doing what they can to put together a basis for the independence of Circassia, the “Circassian problem” features permanently on Washington's humanitarian agenda.Research in Circassian history and the relations between Circassians and Russians is conducted at Rutgers University in New Jersey (est. 1766). The University's Center for the Study of Genocide,Conflict Resolution, and Human Rights is looking into a variety of conflicts – the genocide of Kurds in Iraq, the “genocide” of Ukrainians allegedly perpetrated by Russians during the 1933 famine - which the US Administration regards as deserving the genocide status. As a general tendency, Washington discerns genocide in the regions where it plans to gain a foothold. The Kurds were entrained in the US war against S. Hussein and Ukrainian nationalists are routinely used by the US in the political games against Russia.

The website of the Center for the Study of Genocide,Conflict Resolution, and Human Rights offers a map of the Caucasus region with Circassia's borders tailored in accord with the US strategists' plans.

The way Washington would like Circassia to be: Map of a Greater Circassia with access to the Black Sea

The Black Sea coast is an important piece of territory. The configuration at the moment is fairly simple. Georgia, a republic with access to the Black Sea, is totally dependent on the US and eagerly seeks NATO membership. Bulgaria, Romania, and Turkey are already in the alliance. Luckily for Russia, recently the relations between Ankara and Moscow have warmed considerably. Turkey no longer sees Russia as an enemy and even dropped the country from its list of potential threats, making it much harder for Washington to scheme against Russia across the Caucasus. Nevertheless, Ankara has serious ambitions and adheres to the policy of humanitarian expansion mainly targeting the Crimea and Gagauzia. Instruments of the policy range from quotas for the Caucasus nationals in Turkish universities to massive investment in the economies of the Crimea and Gagauzia.

The Crimean Tatars are represented in the Hague-headquartered Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization and thus can claim at least maximal autonomy in the framework of the Ukrainian statehood. No doubt, their achieving the status would immediately result in the expulsion of Russia's Black Sea navy from its base in Sevastopol.

The Organization of Unrecognized Peoples is currently eying Abkhazia as a potential client. Considering that the Russian navy will never be welcome to Georgia and the planned Greater Circasia would become a barrier between Russia and much of the Black Sea coast, in the long run Abkhazia would likely become Russia's only Black Sea outlet. Losing it, Russia would find itself constrained to the marine enclave known as the Sea of Azov where its navy can be easily locked up by forces deployed in the Crimea and the Greater Circassia.

The Greater Romania project also factors into the situation. Spreading its influence east and in many ways absorbing Moldavia and a part of Ukraine, the country is trying to strengthen its Black Sea positions. As of today the Black Sea is the only open sea where the US Navy is not present on a permanent basis. If the West's plan to build a Greater Circassia materializes, the newly independent republic will be charged with the mission of separating Russia from the Black Sea. Serious efforts to bring down the pro-Russian regimes along the Black Sea coast should be expected as a parallel process. The design is known as the Anaconda's Ring, a classic plan for the US geopolitics in Eurasia aimed at debarring Russia from the seas and locking it up deep inland.

The West evidently ascribes high priority to the Circassian theme, the respectable Jamestown Foundation being one of the centers involved. The RAND Corporation's former president Paul Hensee and renown US intelligence community figure Paul Goble who is credited with a major contribution to the development of the Greater Finno-Ugria project of fostering separatism in Russia's Finno-Ugric republics take part in the Jamestown Foundation's events centered around Circassia.

Anglo-Saxon countries provide active support to Circassian activists such as Khachi Bairam, a Circasian diaspora leader in Turkey, Zeyad Hajo, a Circasian representative in the US, Circassian Cultural Institute chairman Iyad Youghar, etc.

At present the Circassian nationalist movement patronized by the Western intelligence services is among the most dynamic in the post-Soviet space. The Worldwide Circassian Brotherhood is headquartered in LA, an its president Zamir Shukhov is oftentimes photographed with the US flag at the background. A Circassian nationalist ideologist Akhmat Ismagyil, the author of The Caucasian War, a book published in Syria, is open about the intention “to liberate the Caucasus from Russia”. Circassians are taught to believe that they should somehow make Russia pay – morally or materially – for the events which took place two centuries ago.

In Israel, the Greater Circassia ideology is upheld by leader of the ultra-Zionist Bead Artseinu group and  proponent of an Israeli empire stretching from the Nile to the EuphratesAvraham Shmulevich (originally Nikita Dyomin, a convert to Judaism born into a family of  a Russian father and a Jewish mother in Murmansk, Russia). The Israeli parliament granted Shmulevich an honorary Israeli citizenship in 1984 for his underground Jewish activism in the USSR. Israel hosts a large Circassian diaspora which Tel Aviv uses to its own ends in tight coordination with Washington.

Let us imagine that – incredible as it may seem – the Circassian republic gains independence from Russia. The future that would await it would be akin to that of Chechnya under J. Dudaev, a breakaway region which was manipulated by Washington, London, Ankara, Karachi, and Riyadh. All that ordinary Chechens saw as a result was the  ferocious fighting on their soil. The Greater Circassia plan would simply move the whole Caucasus one step closer to the same situation.

Tags: Russia  Turkey   

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